Diabetes is referred to as a state of condition where the sugar levels are high in a human body. It is even termed as a group of diseases that affect your body’s blood sugar or glucose. The underlying cause of diabetes may lie with the type of it. But, no matter what kind of diabetes you have, it will lead to high blood sugar levels. Thus, too much sugar in the blood will result in serious health issues.
There are two types of diabetes that can occur in the human body. They are –
Type 1 – It is a state where the pancreas does not produce insulin for the body. These are important as they allow the body to get its energy from the food. Therefore, Type 1 diabetes is termed to be an autoimmune disease. There is no cause related to it with the lifestyle or diet of a person. This type of diabetes can occur at any age, though its signs appear during childhood.
Type 2 – In this condition, your body does not use insulin properly, which is also termed as insulin resistance. As an outcome of this, the pancreas inside the body will produce more insulin but may not be able to compensate for the disturbed functioning of the body. This type of diabetes may occur at any age, though it’s common in people who are 40 and above.
Apart from these, the other conditions of diabetes are stated below –
Potentially Reverse Diabetes – This condition is also referred to as prediabetes, where your blood sugar levels are usually higher. However, they are not as high to be considered as a form of diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes – This state of diabetes occurs when a woman is pregnant. Thus, it may get resolved after the baby is born.
Symptoms of Diabetes –
Mostly, when a person gets diagnosed with the problem of diabetes, there are some types of symptoms that occur over a while. These symptoms may depend upon how much sugar is elevated into your blood.
Symptoms that occur with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are listed below –
- Feeling thirsty
- The increased amount of urination
- Getting more hungry
- Sudden weight loss
- Infections frequently occur
- Blurry vision
- Fatigue irritability
- Injuries are not healed quickly
- Presence of Ketones (a byproduct of muscle and fat) in urine
Other than these, there may also occur symptoms, such as – feeling drowsy, change of vision, fruity smell of breath, nausea, or vomiting. These are the additional signs which can tell that something is wrong inside your body. But, if you have a doubt, our suggestion would be to see a doctor as soon as possible.
Are There Any Symptoms That Can Occur In Gestational Diabetes?
No, most of the time, a woman who has gestational diabetes doesn’t have any symptoms. When a woman is pregnant, a lot of tests are done to know if the baby if safe and no serious issue resides in the mother’s body. At that time, through blood tests, it is detected if you have gestational diabetes. However, in a few rare cases, a pregnant woman with this diabetes may experience frequent urination and an increased amount of thirst.
Treatment of Diabetes –
People who consider diabetes as a common problem, they need to know that you can treat this problem with the use of medications. These drugs are available in tablet form and injections.
For Type 1 Diabetes –
The primary treatment for Type 1 diabetes is insulin. When your body stops producing insulin, you need to take it artificially into your body. A doctor might recommend for an inject dosage or tablets depending upon your condition.
For Type 2 Diabetes –
Most people with type 2 diabetes can cover up the condition with regular exercise and proper diet. You may also be prescribed medication if a change in lifestyle is not affecting the appropriate working of your body. At times, you may also be prescribed to take insulin as per your condition. You shall take more details on this with your health expert.
For Gestational Diabetes –
The blood sugar levels will be monitored several times a day when a pregnant woman suffers from Gestational Diabetes. If the sugar levels are high, you will be recommended for dietary changes and exercise. But if this doesn’t work, you will be given a dose of insulin. According to reports, the use of insulin in pregnancy will not harm the baby.